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Arrived ship. For laytime to commence counting against the charterer the vessel must reach the agreed destination and be physically and legally ready to commence cargo operations and the Notice of Readiness must be given correctly by the master. This "triggers off" the commencement of the laytime either immediately when the Notice of Readiness is accepted or after an agreed, fixed period.

Antedated bill of lading (Fraud and bills of lading.) A modern case may help to introduce the problems that can arise and identify some of the important issues. 

ANERA. This is the acronym given to an organisation of ship operating and owning companies that operate liner services between Asia and North America.

Anti-pollution clauses. These are clauses inserted in a charterparty and generally place responsibility on the shipowner to ensure that he obtains suitable insurance cover or can provide alternative security for compensation he may become liable to pay for pollution, by oil (or similar substances) and for clean-up costs. 

Apparent good order and condition. Under the Hague-Visby Rules the corner is required, after receiving the goods into his charge, to issue to the shipper a bill of lading showing, among other things, the "order and condition of the goods". The buyer of goods usually requires those goods in an undamaged state. The receipt given by the carrier is the only initial evidence that the goods are indeed undamaged, when received.

ASBATIME. The code name given to the 1981 derivation of the original New York Produce Exchange form (NYPE) of charterparty. The 1981 version was published by The Association of Shipbrokers and Agents U.S.A. Inc. (ASBA), New York.

 

AH range. A range of ports between Antwerp and Hamburg in Europe. If the owner agrees with this range of ports he accepts that Antwerp and Hamburg are warranted by the Charterer as being "safe" but he may have to dispute the "safety" of any other port nominated within the range. This description of a range of ports is sometimes abbreviated to "AH.R".

About. Many charterparties contain the word "about" when describing something, such as the speed of the vessel or its fuel consumption or the cargo to be loaded.

Arbitration clause. During the performance of any contract of carriage of goods by sea a dispute can arise between the parties to the contract. The document containing the contract generally contains a clause stating how and where the dispute is to be resolved, and therefore which country's law will apply to the resolution of the dispute. For example, cl. 30 of MULTIFORM 1982/1986 states:

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