ITF (International Transport Workers' Federation). This is an organisation which exists for the purpose of looking after the interests o£ workers in transport jobs. There is a section dealing with seafarers' pay and working conditions.
In geographical rotation. If charterers have the option of loading or discharging a ship in several ports within a particular ranges for example, "ARH range" (Antwerp-Rotterdam-Hamburg range), it is important to stipulate that if this option is exercised, the ship will be ordered to proceed to the ports in geographical rotation.
In lieu of weighting. In some charters for bulk commodities, such as for the carriage of coal, freight can be payable either on the quantity actually delivered by the ship, as ascertained by weighting, or by draft surveys, or on the quantity stated on a bill of lading as having been shipped less an agreed percentage (commonly 2 per cent) at receivers' option.
Issue of bills of lading. Under the Hague Rules/Hague-Visby Rules, when the goods are received into the charge of the carrier, he or the master or agent of the carrier must, on demand of the shipper, issue a bill of lading properly describing the goods, that is, showing the identification marks, quantity of cargo and apparent order and condition of the goods (Art. III, r. 3).