Open charter.A charterparty in which neither the nature of the cargo nor the ports of destination are specified is called an "open charter".

 

Order bill of lading. Most of the bills of lading used in international trade and shipping are of this type. When a bill of lading does not contain the name of the consignee it is not a named bill of lading.

Of 24 hours. Such an expression may be used in the description of a "working day" and taken by charterers to mean that it comprises 24 hours, which may not be consecutive.

Off hire clause. The Off hire clause. and other clauses in the time charterparty specify the circumstances which cause the ship to become off hire and payment of hire to be reduced.

Overstowing. A clause in a charterparty may allow either the charterer or the owner to load cargo over the original cargo, if there is available space and deadweight capacity available. However, overstowing may cause problems with the time for discharge of the original cargo as occurred in the case of The Mexico I, 1990.  Overstowing by the owner may also lead to claims if the cargo beneath is damaged.

 

On her beam ends. This term is used to describe a vessel which has listed as a result of shifting of cargo or ballast to such an extent that her deck edge is submerged and her righting power is insufficient to restore the original position.

 

Off hire. In a time charter the charterer has the obligation to pay hire for the Ship continuously during the charter period at the agreed rate.

Other mutual insurance. A mutual protection is no longer exclusive to shipowners. Other cover for liability can be mutual, for example, for professional negligence by shipowners or the liability of freight forwarders.

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