Taking all reasonable precautions to see that the vessel is fit for the voyage contemplated.
It could be argued that a shipowner who fails to check the qualifications of his ships' officers fails to exercise due diligence. The carrier is not obliged to give an absolute guarantee of seaworthiness. The carrier may delegate his duty to exercise of due diligence (e. g. to surveyors or repairers) but he will be responsible if they fail to exercise due diligence in carrying out their work.
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